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Blood oaths, blood transfusions, syringes with infected blood

Hello friends,

I have a few theoritical questions about HIV blood transmission.

1. You probably know the common practice of high-school blood oaths, where a grop of people cut their palms or their wrist arteries with a razor and then perform contact or handshake with deep wounds. My question is - In this situation will PEP will needed (and testing respectively)

2. A person decides to donate blood and it happens to be in his/hers WINDOW PEROD. Is there a possibility the medical staff not to detect the virus and then to be transmitted to other people?

3. As a final of my inquiery I would like to ask you about the famous myth "synergy filled with hiv blood". For how long it is possible the virus in the blood to survive there.

Thanks in advance fo your help and answers

Thanks in advance for the answers

anxious and symptomps

thanks for your good site and your helps.
sorry for my poor english.
i am male and 14 month ago i had protected vaginal and unprotected oral sex with 3 sex workers,
after 1 month and 4 month and 7 month my elisa antibody tests was negative also in 10th month finger prick rapid test was negative. but i have some symptomps that i had not before,like (mouth ulcer ,diarrhea,and Lymph nodes).
please tell me can i trust my test results?
is there any cases that their tests turn to postivie after one year?
thanks a lot


**** Unprotected sex with prostitute. after 135 days antigan & antibody test negative (CMIA =value 0.42) Do I need to test more or Is this conclusive?

I had sex with HIV positive Undetectable person; I am HIV negative and on PREP, What is my risk?

I have a bit of anxiety and really need to know what my odds are. I have been doing everything in my life to ensure I maintain my status negative so here are the details

I started prep on the 18th of March 2019 and I had sex with someone that was HIV positive undetectable on the 30th of March 2019. I know he is Undetectable because he was kind enough to take the effort in showing me his most recent results that were on 19th Of march 2019 he showed me the medication he takes and he confessed to me that he had been positive for 6 years and that he has mainted a viral load less than 20 copies. I am also on prep and have taken it the same time every day up to this point I even took an extra one after I found all this out. Yesterday. I was the top and sex wasn't out of the Norm and I am certain of his undetectable status and saw the medication that he takes. He even sent me a copy of those results from the lab. What is my level of risk? If someone whom is hiv positive undetectable with a viral load of less than 20 copies, has unprotected anal sex with someone who is HIV negative and has been taking prep for 2 weeks?

Please help me ease my anxiety, I refrained from treating him badly because he is a kind person and plus he looks really healthy! not only did he show me the proof but it is evident from how he looks! I would defiantly consider taking things farther with him but I need the facts and the education of what my risk will be even under these; what I consider, to be optimal circumstances. where he and I have open communication and he is being forthcoming and honest.

Do these factors put me at risk for getting HIV?

Thank you

HIV transmission possible

I had a protected sex with a CSW whom I think to be hiv positive,First she gave me unprotected oral sex just for a half minunte and then we had a protected vaginal sex.My major concern is about the cut that was made two hours before the intercourse while shaving at the base of the penis.I think that during sex condom had not covered this cut and it might came in contact with vaginal fluids which might have caused transmission.
My question is that is hiv transmission possible through this cut which is not bleeding at a time of sex???
I got high fever and extreme fatigue on the second day of sex which remained for one and half week which was not treated even on taking antibiotics every day.After fever was cured I developed white tongue and mouth ulcers which is still present in third week.I am really stressed and anxious after that incident as it was my first time to do such thing.

False positive or not

Thank you for your services.I have been working as a doctor in Germany for two months. During my pre-hospital screening test, my blood test was positive for HIV. Nine years ago, I had a similar incident in India where a screening test was positive. My doctor advised me to do a Western blot, P24 antigen and DNA PCR test, all of which were negative. I did not have any exposure.One year later, I got married and was tested every two years and was always negative. I gave birth to a healthy boy two years ago. The regular maternity checks for HIV were also negative. I am only sexually active with my husband. Is there a chance that this current test in Germany could be a false positive? How accurate are these tests in Germany for occupational medicine examination. What do I have to do now? Why would such an incident happen to me twice? I would really appreciate a feedback.

Quantity of HIV transmitted affect window period?

Dear Team- Thank you for taking the time to answer this.
I had protected vaginal sex, the condom broke right in the beginning and he pulled out immediately. I was tested at 6 weeks, 3 months and 4 months with 4th generation HIV test all coming back negative. My concern is I had two vaginal yeast infections about 7 weeks after and then again about 13 weeks after. I also noticed about 15 weeks after my right lymph node on my neck is swollen.
My questions:
1- Are my tests conclusive or do I need to retest at 6 months
2- Does the quantity of HIV transmitted affect the window period. Meaning if only a small amount of HIV was transmitted would it take longer for my body to respond to it thus lengthening the window period?
Thank you!

cant decide the truth of needle

today i went for a blood test , at a registered medical lab which is dam super clean in yangon Myanmar , the nurse covered her hand with gloves , then cleaned the area of my arm with alcohol patch , and for drawing the blood she used multi sample collection needle , (venipuncture ), the issue is i did not see or i did not noticed that the multi sample collection needle was sealed or not , as u know or you remember they keep all these in a basket and pick one for the test , after the blood was drawn she threw it in dustbin , i am now being paranoid as if she has used a old one , or someone has touched the needle and then covered it again , can i get hiv or hepatitis or any other infection ,
or please tell that needle cap once opened cannot be put back , or what is the possibility that someone can get infected this way

I am in doubt , can a health worker do this , or how safe are these multi sample collection needles are , can there cap opened once cant be put back or what are the chances it was old or someone has just touched it and pack it back , my fault is i didnt noticed its seal but now i am being paranoid , how stupid i can be

i visited that lab again today morning , and saw everything again, the needles were in basket , sealed everyone , i asked their manager , she told me they only use needle once , but i am still paranoid

HIV test response delay due to flu medicine

Dear all,

First, thank you so much for your replies, you website helps a lot!

My questions: I have read the reasons that are supposed to delay HIV testing (4th generation). But for example different antiviral meds are also used against simple flu, cold, etc. (interferon, etc.). They are also used to treat HVC. Of course we usually don't treat flu or cold so seriously and with so many meds as HVC. But in a case a person has HIV combo testing after 6 weeks of exposure (as many doctors say, they are conclusive) and don't get HVC treatment, cancer treatment, doesn't take PEPs, but took some drugs against flu or herpes for example, can his window period be prolonged?

Many thanks!!

Syphilis Diagnosis

3 Months ago i started having a reddish rash (no warts or sores) on my face, over the cheeks area. I went to the doctor and he suggested getting some exams, i got tested for HIV, Chlamydia and Syphilis and the last one came out positive (1:32)

After the exams i got 3 shots of penicillin with the last one being applied by January 2nd. After that i haven't had any follow up exams until last week that i took the VDRL and it came out (1:32) reactive again.

Does that mean the penicillin didn't work?

PS: i haven't had any sexual activity in the past 4 months


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