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Am i at HIV risk?

Question: 

Hi, i've been having a headache for about 2 days know i dont know if it is lack of sleep or not because i always have a headache when i sleep for about 6 or 7 hours. I've never had sex with anyone or used anyones blood or any of the other stuff. i Masturbate alot and something accidently Masturbated with toothpaste. i dont know if i am at HIV risk or not. Am i?

Answer: 

Hi there, and thanks a lot for contacting the AIDS Vancouver Helpline for you HIV/AIDS related health information.

It sounds like you are concerned about your risk of HIV transmission from masturbation, as well as some symptoms that you have been experiencing.

When accessing the risk of HIV transmission, we can refer to the HIV Transmission Equation below:

HIV TRANSMISSION EQUATION

BODY FLUID
+
ACTIVITY
+
DIRECT ACCESS TO BLOODSTREAM
• blood (including menstrual) • unprotected anal or vaginal intercourse • vagina
• semen • sharing needles • anus
• pre-cum • mother to child (in specific cases) • urethra in the penis
• rectal secretions • open cuts and sores (in theory)
• vaginal fluids • other mucosal membranes
• breast milk • points of needle injection

= RISK OF HIV TRANSMISSION

Masturbation is considered a No Riskactivity. Here are some of the reasons why:

  • HIV is a Human-to-Human virus. It cannot be transmitted to you by an object, like tooth paste.

  • HIV needs a human host to survive. Once HIV is outside of the body and exposed to oxygen it can no longer transmit. This means that any bodily fluids in the toothpaste would have been outside of the body, exposed to oxygen and therefore could not transmit HIV to you.

  • HIV needs direct access to your bloodstream in order to transmit. There was no direct access to your bloodstream.

  • You did not engage in any of the high risk activities listed in the transmission equation.

  • There was no exchange of body fluids.

HIV presents itself differently in different people, therefore we cannot comment on the symptoms that you have been experiencing. HIV is not diagnosed based on symptoms. I would, however, recommend that you contact your health care provider to discuss your symptoms and develop a treatment plan. Symptoms can be indicative of other viral infections.

I would encourage you to check out the following resources about HIV:

Thank you for contacting the AIDS Vancouver Helpline.

Hilary

AIDS Vancouver Helpline/Online

helpline.aidsvancouver.org