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Bleeding injection point and handles

Question: 

In Semptember i was tested for hiv, they did a rapid test from the finger. I went out from the centre and a while later i threw away the gauze which protected the wound although i didn't check if the would was already dry. Later i touched a few things and when i came back for the results i touched the handle. What is the risk of the transmission if the point was still bleeding and on the handle was hiv? A few weeks after that i felt very bad and now i have sore throat, a strange,red rash on the thighs and back, a white layer in the throat. I had also swollen lymph nodes in the throat and pain on the surface of abdomen. I was tested 27 days after that again, 4 generation test combo and it was negative. Should i repeat after 12 weeks? Thanks for your time and answer.

Answer: 

Hello,

Thank you for your inquiry. From what we gather from the question, you were asking about the possibility of acquiring HIV from touching a handle with a small open wound. From the information given, this scenario is no risk. In order for a risk to exists, specific HIV positive fluids must come into direct contact of the blood stream of an HIV negative person. The scenario mentioned above does not meet the three components of the transmission equation [1]. It does not satisfy the equation because there is no bodily fluid or risky activity involved in the scenario. Consider the following quote from the CDC "HIV does not survive long outside the human body (such as on surfaces), and it cannot reproduce outside a human host" [2]. HIV on a handle would be rendered inactive as it is exposed to oxygen.

In regards to the symptoms you are feeling, HIV symptoms often mirror other viral infections such as the flu. The only way to know for sure is to get tested for HIV.

Recommendation: No need for HIV test with the scenario provided, refer to a physician for other health related questions

Regards, AIDS Vancouver Helpline/Online, Ashley