This might be a strange question but scenario that has happened to me is something unusual. I was at a saloon and was getting my beard shaved, razor was new but it did cut me. later the barber used some stone (its called spathika stone ) to wipe my blood off saying this stone works as antiseptic. I didnt realise what he was doing at that time. I am worried now because the same stone might be used for others too. are there any chances of transferring HIV virus this way? stone wasnt kept in a moist environment. do reply, thank you.
Hi there and thank you for reaching out to AIDS Vancouver with your questions. We're happy to help!
To answer your question, no, this is not a method of transmission for HIV, and is considered a no risk situation. HIV is a very delicate virus, and cannot survive for long outside of the human body. Once is it exposed to the air, the virus becomes damaged and is no longer able to transmit. Any blood that was on the barber’s tools would have already been exposed to the air and thus constitutes a no risk situation.
I also wanted to talk about why small cuts like the ones you described on your upper throat do not pose a risk for HIV transmission. To help with my explanation, here is a copy of the AIDS Vancouver transmission equation that we use to determine whether or not there is a risk for HIV transmission:
|• blood (including menstrual)||• unprotected anal or vaginal intercourse||• vagina|
|• semen||• sharing needles||• anus|
|• pre-cum||• mother to child (in specific cases)||• urethra in the penis|
|• rectal secretions||• open cuts and sores (in theory)|
|• vaginal fluids||• other mucosal membranes|
|• breast milk||• points of needle injection|
In order for there to be a risk of HIV transmission, all 3 factors (body fluid, activity, and direct access to the bloodstream) must be present. The main thing lacking in your interaction is direct access to the bloodstream. In order for a cut or wound to provide said access, the cut needs to be gushing blood and require immediate and professional medical attention. A small cut like the one described in your question does not provide direct access to the bloodstream.
If you’re interested, here are some great resources to help further your understand about HIV Transmission:
Avert and CATIE are two fantastic and reliable website concerning HIV transmission and testing, and I highly encourage you to take a read through if you have any further questions.
I hope I was able to answer your question, and feel free to contact us with any further concerns.
Sierra, Helpline Volunteer
AIDS Vancouver Helpline/Online