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Could I get HIV from getting cum on cut?

Question: 

I bite my nails a lot and I tore skin off a few days ago and the day after I gave my boyfriend a handjob and he got cum on my thumb. I washed it off 1-2 minutes later; the place where I tore the skin off at is small but it was red and I don't think it was healed, it kind of looked like it was open. After I washed it off the area bled a bit. My boyfriend assures me he doesn't have HIV, but we don't know until his test comes back. Am I at risk if he has HIV??

Answer: 

Hi there and thanks for reaching out to AIDS Vancouver with your questions. We're happy to help!

The situation that you have described above is a no risk scenario. To help with my explanation, here is a copy of the AIDS Vancouver transmission equation that we use to determine whether or not there is a risk for HIV transmission:

HIV TRANSMISSION EQUATION

BODY FLUID
+
ACTIVITY
+
DIRECT ACCESS TO BLOODSTREAM
• blood (including menstrual) • unprotected anal or vaginal intercourse • vagina
• semen • sharing needles • anus
• pre-cum • mother to child (in specific cases) • urethra in the penis
• rectal secretions • open cuts and sores (in theory)
• vaginal fluids • other mucosal membranes
• breast milk • points of needle injection

= RISK OF HIV TRANSMISSION

In order for there to be a risk of HIV transmission, all 3 factors (body fluid, activity, and direct access to the bloodstream) must be present. The main thing lacking in your interaction is direct access to the bloodstream. In order for a cut or wound to provide said access, the cut needs to be gushing blood and require immediate and professional medical attention. A small cut like the one described in your question does not provide direct access to the bloodstream.

If you’re interested, here are some great resources to help further your understand about HIV Transmission:

Avert and CATIE are two fantastic and reliable website concerning HIV transmission and testing, and I highly encourage you to take a read through if you have any further questions.

I hope I was able to answer your question, and feel free to contact us with any further concerns.

Regards,

Sierra, Helpline Volunteer

AIDS Vancouver Helpline/Online
helpline.aidsvancouver.org