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cut on my finger

Question: 

Hi,

I had a very small cut in my finger, It had bleeded.

After 1 hour I went to sauna, touched to penis. I did not touch sperm but probably mail liquids, pre-cum. But there was no blood on my finger at that time.

What is the risk?

Thanks

Answer: 

Hello,

Thank you for your inquiry. From what we gather from the question, you were asking about your risk of acquiring HIV after touching a penis in a sauna with a small cut on your finger. From the information given, this scenario is determined to be No Risk (transmission of HIV is not possible in the given scenario).

The scenario mentioned above does not meet the three components of the transmission equation(1). It does not satisfy the equation because:

  • There must be direct access to your bloodstream for HIV transmission to occur.

  • HIV does not survive long outside the human body (such as on surfaces), and it cannot reproduce outside a human host(2)

  • Transmission occurs through a risky activity in which the first two conditions (direct access to the bloodstream and HIV in bodily fluid) are met(1). For example: condom less sex, sharing needles, unsafe tattoos or piercings, vertical transmission–from mother to child (in utero, during delivery, breastfeeding).

In the scenario that your described, the cut on your finger could be considered a superficial cut that had stopped bleeding an hour before you touched a penis in the sauna. This means that it is a surface level cut, which is not deep enough to provide direct access to your bloodstream. If any bodily fluids containing HIV came into contact with your hand, they were outside of the body, and exposed to environmental conditions. Remember from above that HIV does not survive long outside the human body (such as on surfaces), and it cannot reproduce outside a human host(2).

Recommendation: No need for HIV test with the scenario provided, refer to a physician for other health related questions.

Regards, AIDS Vancouver Helpline/Online, Hilary