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Dentist hiv hepatitis

Question: 

I went to the dentist and the tools were inside the package that goes to autoclave, it seemed to be sterelized, because of the black mark. But when i looked closer, a part of the package was a little bit open...just a part...all of the rest were sealed. I am worried a lot, is there any possibility to contract a disease, hiv, if the package wasnt sealed properly?....or its usual some packages open a little bit after the hot temperature in autoclave.

Answer: 

Hello,

Thank you for your inquiry. From what we gather from the question, you were asking about the possibility of acquiring HIV from sterile dental tools that may not have been sealed properly. From the information given, this scenario is determined to be No Risk (Transmission of HIV is not possible in the given scenario).

The scenario mentioned above does not meet the three components of the transmission equation. It does not satisfy the equation because the activity described would not result in exchange of bodily fluids or direct access to enter the bloodstream. Theoretically, if there were blood on the tools it would have been rendered inactive because HIV does not survive outside the body (once it is exposed to oxygen) and it cannot reproduce outside a human host [1]. In addition, the fact that the tools were (somewhat) sterilized, would definitely have removed any possibility of the virus being transmitted.

Recommendation: There is no evidence or no documented cases of transmission. Refer to a healthcare professional for more personalized answers.

Regards, AIDS Vancouver Helpline/Online, Samantha