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does piercing pose hiv infection?

Question: 

Hello,

I have checked so many posts on your site. in some answers, it has been said that piercing pose hiv risk/transmission and in some other answers, it is said that piercing does not pose hiv risk.

Could you please confirm it whether piercing ( nose piercing with a plain needle i do not know whether clean or not) pose hiv infection?? is blood test required in this case?

I am confused. Please help

Thank you

Answer: 

Hello,

Thank you for contacting the AIDS Vancouver as your source for HIV/AIDS related information. I would be happy to clarify some things for you.

To answer your question simply, you cannot get HIV from a piercings. Piercings, when done with sterilized and new equipment is considered a no risk for HIV. I will explain why by showing your our transmission equation. To get HIV, you must have all 3 of these factors present.

HIV TRANSMISSION EQUATION

BODY FLUID
+
ACTIVITY
+
DIRECT ACCESS TO BLOODSTREAM
• blood (including menstrual) • unprotected anal or vaginal intercourse • vagina
• semen • sharing needles • anus
• pre-cum • mother to child (in specific cases) • urethra in the penis
• rectal secretions • open cuts and sores (in theory)
• vaginal fluids • other mucosal membranes
• breast milk • points of needle injection

= RISK OF HIV TRANSMISSION

As you can see from the table, piercings have none of these factors because you do not have any exposure to body fluids from another person, there is no direct access to your bloodstream for the virus to enter and it does not involve any sexual intercourse with penetration. Based on the absence of all the factors needed for HIV transmission, piercings are is considered no risk.

For the future, please know that HIV is a virus and viruses require a live host to survive. In the case of HIV, the host are human beings. When the virus exits our body, it is broken down the moment it is exposed to the environment. When HIV is broken down, it is no longer transmissible and cannot cause infection. This is why direct person to person contact and direct access to your bloodstream is needed for HIV to be passed on. In the case you described, there no direct contact as any body fluids would have had to go from the other person, the needle and then to you.

To learn more about how you can actually get HIV, please refer to this webpage.

I hope this has clarified things for you. To know more about the risks for HIV transmission, you may refer to the AIDS Vancouver HIV Risk Assessment page. Please feel free to contact us if you have any more questions.

Best wishes,

Mary

AIDS Vancouver Online Helpline
helpline.aidsvancouver.org
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