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football bruise

Question: 

I bruise my leg against someone's leg on a football match, and I had scratches on it (no bleeding) please am asking, assuming the other person also had scratches as a result of the the bruise am I at risk of hiv?

Answer: 

Hi there,

Thank you for your inquiry. From what we gather from the question, you were asking about the possibility of HIV transmission given your scratched leg had rubbed against another person with a scratched leg.

From the information given, we would typically determine this scenario to be of Negligible Risk (There is no evidence or no documented cases of transmission). The reason that we would have determined this scenario to be Negligible is due to the theoretical possibility of HIV transmission in the case that each of you was actively bleeding. Our HIV Transmission Equation requires three circumstances to meet in order for the equation to be satisfied. These are: presence of HIV positive fluids (semen, pre-cum, vaginal fluid, rectal secretions, blood, and breast milk), direct access to the bloodstream, and a High Risk, Low Risk, or Negligible Risk activity (unprotected sex, sharing needles, mother to child).

In the scenario you have provided, there does not appear to be actively bleeding wounds that would lead to a direct access to the bloodstream. Superficial cuts do not warrant HIV risk as they do not provide an adequate avenue for direct access to the bloodstream. In order for there to be a significant risk for HIV transmission in this case, you and the person you have encountered would have needed to be actively bleeding, with direct contact to each others blood stream through open cuts or wounds. Your encounter does not appear to satisfy these requirements.

Due to this, we would determine your specific scenario to be of No Risk (HIV transmission is not possible in the given scenario).

Recommendation: No need for HIV test with the scenario provided, refer to a physician for other health related questions.

All the best,

AIDS Vancouver Online/Helpline, Cody