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HIV and hcv transmission

Question: 

Please I beg you to answer my question. Can a sharp broken plastic edge in yogurt plastic container I bought from super market and it prick my finger . Can this had been injured another person before who have hiv or hcv then I got pricked my finger after him , can this transmit any viruses..¿

Answer: 

Hello,

Thank you for your inquiry. From what we gather from the question, you were asking about the risk of acquiring HIV or Hepatitis C from a sharp broken plastic edge of a yogurt container. From the information given, this scenario is determined to be No Risk (transmission of HIV is not possible in the given scenario).

The scenario mentioned above does not meet the three components of the transmission equation(1). It does not satisfy the equation because:

  • For transmission to occur the three components of the HIV Transmission Equation must be met: there must be HIV present in a bodily fluid (ie: in blood, semen or rectal secretions), direct access to the bloodstream (ie: inside of the vagina, anus and other mucous membranes) paired with a high risk activity (ie: unprotected anal or vaginal intercourse, sharing needles, mother to child)(1).

  • HIV does not survive long outside the human body (such as on surfaces), and it cannot reproduce outside a human host(2).

The scenario you have provided is a No Risk scenario. HIV does not survive long outside of the human body. This means that any bodily fluids on the yogurt container from another person, would have been outside of the human body, exposed to external environmental conditions, and unable to reproduce or transmit HIV to you. There must be direct access for HIV to enter the bloodstream. A prick on your finger simply does not provide the conditions necessary for you to acquire HIV.

You were also concerned about acquiring Hepatitis C through this scenario. It is highly unlikely that you would acquire Hepatitis C in the scenario that you have provided. We will refer you to CATIE - "How hepatitis C transmission happens", a trusted source for Hepatitis C information. If you have further concerns about Hepatitis C or any other viruses, please contact your healthcare professional to discuss your concerns in more detail.

Recommendation: No need for HIV test with the scenario provided. Please click on the following link, "CATIE-How hepatitis C transmission happens", for more information about Hepatitis C transmission. Refer to a physician for other health related questions and concerns.

Regards, AIDS Vancouver Helpline/Online, Hilary