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Hiv in the park

Question: 

Hello. I was walking barefoot in the park the other day and saw a bloody tissue lying on the ground (blood was very red, so I assume it was recent). I DID NOT touch the tissue, I walked around it, but I had blisters on my heels and now worry what if a person bled on the ground too...and it touched my blisters, would there be a risk for HIV? I did not see anyone near the area for at least 3-4 minutes. My blisters did not bleed, but they are sensitive a little to alcoholic wipes. Thank you. I am worried out of my mind because I am pregnant and do not want to hurt my baby. I walked barefoot because my feet are swollen. As I said, I did not touch the tissue, walked around it, but I am still worried Is there a risk? Thank you

Answer: 

Hi there,

Thank you for your inquiry. From what we gather from the question, you were asking if you can acquire HIV from stepping on the ground with blisters where there may have been HIV positive blood.

From the information given, this scenario is determined to be No Risk (HIV transmission is not possible in the given scenario). Although you may have had some blisters on your feet, you described them as not actively bleeding. In order for HIV transmission to occur, three main elements of transmission are required. These include: HIV positive bodily fluid (blood, semen, vaginal fluid, pre cum, and breast milk), with direct access to the bloodstream, through a High, Low, or Negligible Risk activity. In this case, the transmission equation is not satisfied due to the lack of direct access to the bloodstream.

For this specific scenario, you may consider yourself to be free of risk of HIV transmission. Congratulations on your pregnancy.

Recommendation: No need for HIV testing.

All the best,

AIDS Vancouver Online/Helpline, Cody