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Hiv test kits safety

Question: 

Hi sir / madam ,
I want to get info about hiv test kits contaning hiv antigen and antibodies ...during test i touch the sample pad of kits ...i just want to confirm and detail information about the antibodies and antigen are harmless and noninfectious .

"it contain monoclonal biotinylated anti hiv p24 antibody ...a conjugate pad contain monoclonal anti hiv p24 antibody colloidal selenium and hiv 1 and hiv 2 recombinant antigen collidoal selenium and a nitrocelloluse membrane with a immobilized mixture recombinant and synthetic peptide hiv 1& 2 antigen in the lower test area, immobalize streptavidine in the upper test area and immobalized mixture of anti hiv 1 antibodies , hiv 1 and 2 antigens and hiv 1 p24 recombinant antigen and anti hiv 1 p24 monoclonal antibody in the control area ".
Exatly same text were there ...what does it mean and what type of these antigens and antibodies are used in hiv test kits while manufacturing ... are these harmless or infectious if touch with pricked finger ... i just want to know what kind of these terms .... any dr or biochemist or any full educated person can help me ... help me plz just this one question remains in my mind

Answer: 

Hello,

Thank you for your inquiry. From what we gather from the question, you were asking about the safety of using and touching an HIV test kit that contains HIV antigens and antibodies. From the information given, this scenario is determined to be No Risk (transmission of HIV is not possible in the given scenario).

The scenario mentioned above does not meet the three components of the Transmission Equation. Handling and touching any part of an unused HIV test kit is completely safe since all of the components within the kit itself are non-infectious and thus harmless.

Antibodies of any sort are never infectious, since they are produced by the body's immune system in response to exposure to an "invader" such as a virus or bacterium. I do understand your concern with the HIV antigens present in the test kit, but it is important to note that although the HIV antigens are molecules that are a part of the HIV virus, they are only a small part (such as a protein that is on the outside of the virus). A virus is very complex and requires many antigens and other components to be infectious, thus a single antigen that has been isolated from the virus would not be able to cause an HIV infection by itself. Even if you come into contact with a few different isolated antigens, it would not cause an HIV infection since the virus needs to be whole and active in order to cause infection.

Recommendation: No need for an HIV test with the scenario provided, refer to a physician for other health related questions.

Regards,

AIDS Vancouver Helpline/Online, Marie