Good day.. Something is giving me anxiety.. Sorry for my poor english, but i hope you can help me.. I have a few questions about my case involving hiv.
Last week me and my family had a vacation in (coron palawan here in philippines) we stayed at the floating houses near the sea shore where there are many tourist also renting for a trancient rooms or renting for a small houses like ours. Eventualy those houses dont have a septic tanks. 1 morning me and my cousins decided to catch fish using fish hooks, we catch 12 fish with the fish hooks and we put it in the small container, i decided to put some natural water in the container from a fauset. After 30 mins my cousin accidentaly pour the water in the fish container in my foot where i have a open cut wound. After that i remember the water from the fish container has a blood of fish we caught on the sea side, what if the fish we caught is infected with hiv, or carries virus like hiv? Because i remember they live in the sea side where people wastes like poops, urine, vomits, spits (saliva) go. Im thinking that what if the fish eats some of the feces of people who is hiv positive or consume other human wastes containing hiv virus? Can a fish be infected of the virus? Can hiv virus survive in sea water? How well does hiv survive in salt water? Please understand my english.. Help me..
Thank you for your inquiry. From what we gather from the question, you were asking about the risk of acquiring HIV from fish. From the information given, this scenario is determined to be No Risk (Transmission of HIV is not possible in the given scenario)
In order to contract HIV the following conditions must be met: There must be HIV present in a bodily fluid. The five bodily fluids that carry the HIV virus include: blood, semen (including pre-ejaculate), vaginal fluids, breast milk, and rectal secretions. The bodily fluid containing HIV must have direct access to the bloodstream. This can be through cuts, tears, rips, mucous membranes, open sores, or needles. Transmission occurs through a risky activity in which the first two conditions are met. For example: condom less sex, sharing needles, unsafe tattoos or piercings, vertical transmission–from mother to child (in utero, during delivery, breastfeeding).
HIV is NOT transmitted through: Mosquito bites, insects or pets, air or water, tear or sweats, urine or feces, toilet seats, coughing, sharing space with an HIV positive individual, casual contact.
HIV outside of the body or drying HIV causes a rapid (within several hours) 1-2 log (90%-99%) reduction in HIV concentration. Quote from CDC states : "HIV does not survive long outside the human body (such as on surfaces), and it cannot reproduce outside a human host.”
Recommendation: No need for HIV test with the scenario provided, refer to a physician for other health related questions.
Regards, AIDS Vancouver Helpline/Online, Vardah.