I was injured by a scissors. It caused a open wound (around 5mm) and bleeding . If the scissors contaminated by HIV+ or the open wound had contact with HIV+ blood. Is this case make transmission or any risk? If yes, how many percentage of the risk?
Hello there, Thank you for your inquiry, from what we gather you were asking about the possibility of HIV transmission from being punctured by sharp object contaminated with HIV positive blood.
From the information given, this scenario is determined to be "Negligible Risk" situation (There is no evidence or no documented cases of transmission. However, there is a theoretical possibility of transmission under certain extenuating circumstances). However, in this scenario you do not specify if the scissors were freshly contaminated with the HIV blood and you were injured immediately afterwards. So given the circumstance, we would consider the situation to be of Negligible Risk. This scenario does not meet the 3 components of our HIV Transmission Equation. It does not meet the equation because there is no direct access to the bloodstream from another individual. In this case, any HIV positive fluid that would have previously been on the scissors that had caused your open wound would have been inadvertently exposed to the environment, causing the HIV positive fluid to become rendered inactive, thus, making transmission very difficult (1). Any exposure to oxygen, or HIV outside of the body causes a rapid reduction in concentration, making transmission of HIV difficult (1).
Recommendation: There is no evidence or no documented cases of transmission. Refer to a healthcare professional for more personalized answers.
Thank you for contacting AIDS Vancouver Online/Helpline
AIDS Vancouver Helpline, Joseph