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Risk Assessment Chart

This page outlines the risk level of various activities with regards to transmission of HIV.

NO RISK

to our knowledge, none of the practices in this category have ever been demonstrated to lead to HIV infection

  • Kissing (with no blood present)
  • Non-insertive masturbation
  • Receiving unshared sex toys
  • Contact with feces or urine
  • Injecting with unshared needles
  • Sadomasochistic activities (using Universal precautions)
  • Using drugs with new pipe or unshared straw
  • Tattooing, piercing, electrolysis and acupuncture with sterilized and new equipment
  • Manicures or pedicures

NEGLIBLE RISK

all of the practices assigned to this risk level present a potential for HIV transmission because they do involve the exchange of body fluids. However, there has never been a confirmed report.

  • Receiving Oral sex
  • Anilingus
  • Fingering
  • Fisting
  • Using shared sex toys w/condom
  • Using disinfected sex toys
  • Sadomasochistic activities
  • Contact with feces or urine (on broken skin)
  • Vulva to Vulva rubbing
  • Docking - head of ones penis inside the foreskin of another's penis
  • Taking breast milk into the mouth
  • Sharing toothbrushes and razors

LOW RISK

all of the practices assigned to this risk level present a potential for HIV transmission because they involve an exchange of body fluids. There have been a few reports of infection attributed to these activities (usually under certain identifiable conditions).

  • Injecting with cleaned needles
  • Tattooing with non professional equipment
  • Taking blood into the mouth
  • Occupational Exposure
  • Giving Oral sex (either on a man or a woman)
  • Vaginal or Anal sex with condom
  • Mother to Child transmission
  • Fighting

HIGH RISK

all of the practices in this category present a potential for HIV transmission because they involve an exchange of body fluids. In addition, a significant number of scientific studies have repeatedly associated the activities with HIV infection. There have been a lot of confirmed reports of infection in this way.

  • Unprotected Anal or Vaginal sex
  • Injecting with shared needles

HIV Risk Equation