« Go Back

Provissionally reactive for HIV 1

Question: 

Here is the report for a lady sexually inactive for last 2 years taken today.
HIV 1 & 2 ANTIBODIES SCREENING TEST @
----------------------------------------------------------------
| |
| Final Result Provisionally Reactive for HIV 1 |
----------------------------------------------------------------
Method 1: HIV 1 / 2 & P 24 COMBO TEST
(CMIA)
-----------------------------------------------------------------
| Index Value 624.80 |
| Result: Provisionally Reactive |
-----------------------------------------------------------------
________________________________________________________________
|Interpretation: |
| Index Value < 1.00 Non Reactive |
| >= 1.00 Provisionally Reactive |
|________________________________________________________________|
Method 2: HIV 1/2 BY IMMUNOCHROMATOGRAPHY Reactive
Method 3: HIV 1/2 BY FLOW THROUGH IMMUNOFILTRATION
Result HIV 1 Reactive
HIV 2 Non Reactive
Comments:
As per NACO guidelines on HIV testing, Strategy III has been adopted
to report on HIV test samples. The patient sample is tested for HIV
antibodies using 3 different methods namely CMIA,Immunochromatography
& Flow through Immunofiltration.Patient sera found reactive on all 3
tests is considered as Provisionally Reactive.
Interpretation:
PROVISIONALLY REACTIVE final result implies that antibodies to
HIV 1 have been detected in the sample. Supplemental assays like
Western Blot for HIV 1 and 2 are recommended.
The Question is
the report does not say that she is hiv positive or negative are there chances for false negative or positive?
there is no risk behaviour of any kind in the last 2 years and no symptoms apart from malaria and loose motions in 2 years
please reply soon

Answer: 

 
Hello and Thank You for Using the AIDS Vancouver Helpline for your source of AIDS related Information.
 
The test results ‘provisionally reactive’: antibodies to the HIV virus have been detected in the sample. This is not a final “positive” or “negative” diagnosis as this is never done with an initial or standard antibody test. This means that from these tests, it is highly recommended that you have a confirmatory test done. The standard type of confirmatory test is called a “Western Blot.” This is also a type of antibody testing but is considered the “gold standard” in diagnosing an HIV infection. This will rule out any false positives or negatives and will allow you to be fully away of your HIV-status. I hope this helps.
 
In Health,
Elyse
AIDS Vancouver Helpline Volunteer
e: helpline@aidsvancouver.org
p: (Mon-Fri 9-4pm ): (604) 696-4666
w: www.aidsvancouver.org/helpline