NguyenThanhSang
The tip of my penis touches the vagina lips but has not penetrated the inside. If there is vaginal discharge on my vagina, am I at risk for hiv infection ?
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helpline-volunteer
Hi there,

Thank you for your inquiry. From what we gather from your question, you are asking about HIV transmission after coming into contact with a vagina and possibly being exposed to vaginal fluids. 


From the information given, this scenario is determined to be No Risk (transmission of HIV is not possible in the given scenario).

The scenario mentioned above does not meet the three components of the HIV Transmission Equation (see down below).
HIV transmission occurs when the following conditions are met: There must be the presence of HIV positive fluid (semen, pre-cum, vaginal fluid, rectal fluid, blood, or breastmilk), coupled with direct access to the bloodstream

This scenario is considered to be No 
Risk because while no penetration or direct access to the bloodstream occurred, you did come into contact with a vagina with no protection. Factors such as whether there was vaginal fluid with HIV particles present and extent of contact are unknown. 
In addition,  HIV rapidly decreases in concentration after being exposed to air (1). Since there was no penetration, this further decreases the chance of transmission occurring. 

For the situation above, it is recommended that you refer to a healthcare provider for HIV screening. 

Helpline Transmission Equation .jpg 

Thank you,

AIDS Vancouver Online/Helpline, Sonali


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(1) HIV and Air
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