Anonymous
1. I was using urinal of public restroom, it was a dirty one, while peeing some of the drops back splashed & touched tip of my penis, can this cause Hiv

2. Also, in my office there is often problem with automatic urinal flush, because of which two times it had happened that when I unzipped my pants, before peeing the flush started & I got splash on my penis, can these two incidents cause Hiv, if someone with Hiv positive had used those urinals just before me & there was semen on those urianls from that person
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Anonymous
Hi there, thank you for contacting the AIDS Vancouver Helpline for HIV and AIDS related information.

It sounds like you are experiencing some stress. To answer your questions, you are not at risk for HIV based on these experiences whatsoever! HIV cannot survive outside the human body and cannot be passed on after exposure to the air. In your second experience any bodily fluids involved would be exposed to the air and would not be able to pass on HIV

Below is the HIV Transmission Equation which will give you a good summary of what is required for there to be a risk of HIV Transmission.

HIV TRANSMISSION EQUATION


BODY FLUID
+
ACTIVITY
+
DIRECT ACCESS TO BLOODSTREAM
---------- -------- ----------------------------
• blood (including menstrual) • unprotected anal or vaginal intercourse • vagina
• semen • sharing needles • anus
• pre-cum • mother to child (in specific cases) • urethra in the penis
• rectal secretions • open cuts and sores (in theory)
• vaginal fluids • other mucosal membranes
• breast milk • points of needle injection

Sometimes, concerning yourself with "what-if" situations can bring about more stress. Instead, we may suggest discussing the information you receive about HIV with a local healthcare professional to see how it applies to you.

The following resource lists a lot of different activities, and the level of risk for acquiring HIV that is associated with them. This may help start a discussion about how HIV is typically acquired, and what situations pose less risk, or no risk, for acquiring HIV: [http://helpline.aidsvancouver.org/question/risk-assessment-chart](http://helpline.aidsvancouver.org/question/risk-assessment-chart)

I trust I have answered your questions, and encourage you to contact the AIDS Vancouver Helpline again for additional information.


In health,

Arne

AIDS Vancouver Helpline Volunteer
E-mail: helpline@aidsvancouver.org
Phone (Mon-Thurs 10am-4pm; Friday 10am-3pm): (604)253-0566 ext 299
Web: helpline.aidsvancouver.org


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