Anonymous
hello,
i am from India. We have a very popular street food here by the name of Pani-Puri a.k.a Gol Gappas.
Day before yesterday, i ate 5 pieces of the paani-puri from a street vendor who was NOT wearing any gloves.
He held the wheat crisp in one hand and used the other to stuff it with mashed potato and then used a spoon to pour the water in it. As soon as he did that, he placed the piece on my plate and in 1 second i picked up the piece and ate it. The total duration of him preparing the pani-puri and me eating it would have been approx. 3-5 seconds. When i got back home, i noticed 3 very tiny red dots on my inner right cheek which were there yesterday but are not visible today.
It was dark where the vendor was standing so I am not sure if there were any cuts that were bleeding or not on his hands.
But assuming that he was HIV+ and had a bleeding wound that could have left fresh blood on the wheat crisp, the mashed potato, the water or all three and I had mouth ulcers or cuts, what is the chances of me getting HIV. Please help me here as I am very worried.

Thank you.
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Anonymous
Hi there,

Thank you for your inquiry. From what we gather from the question, you were asking whether HIV transmission is possible in the event that you had consumed food which may have contained HIV positive blood. From the information given, this scenario is determined to be of No Risk (HIV transmission is not possible in the given scenario).

This scenario is determined to be of No Risk because it does not satisfy the requirements of our HIV Transmission Equation. It does not satisfy the equation because there is no *direct access to the bloodstream* through a High, Low, or Negligible Risk activity. Although you described that there may be a presence of HIV positive bodily fluid in your food; transmission does not occur when ingesting HIV positive fluid.

Further, when HIV positive fluid is exposed to oxygen or environmental surfaces it undergoes a rapid reduction in concentration, and is quickly rendered inactive (unable to transmit) (1). For this reason alone, if you had accidentally come into contact with HIV positive fluid in the food that you had ingested, you are not at risk for HIV transmission.

Please also consider other ways that HIV transmission does not occur: (hugging, kissing, shaking hands, sharing a toilet, or sharing dishes).

Recommendation: No need for HIV testing with the scenario provided, please refer to a healthcare professional for other health related questions.

All the best,

AIDS Vancouver Online/Helpline, Cody

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