Anonymous
please, help me, i would be really thanksful. what if i licked a little fresh blood while i have problems with inflammations in mouth and bleeding gums, and i have a small cut on one upper gum, probably from some food... when i spit, i rarely spit blood at some other time then after washing teeth, but assume there are some small cuts or sores all the time in my mouth... the thing is, a bartender made me a drink and there was a straw, and and I licked the straw all the way long immediately after he gave me the straw (so the parts which were not merged it the drink too) and then i spotted he had cut on his finger which is bleeding! (not something big but it was bleeding and now i am afraid some blood was on the glass and straw(( and there were only seconds till i put it in my mouth. so afraid!
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Anonymous
Hello and thanks for reaching out to the AIDS Vancouver Helpline. It sounds like you're concerned about the risk of HIV transmission after you drank from a straw and then realized that the bartender who gave it to you had a cut on their finger. You seemed concerned because you had bleeding gums and some sores in your mouth.

When assessing the risk of Hiv Transmission, we can refer to the HIV transmission equation below:

HIV TRANSMISSION EQUATION


BODY FLUID
+
ACTIVITY
+
DIRECT ACCESS TO BLOODSTREAM
---------- -------- ----------------------------
• blood (including menstrual) • unprotected anal or vaginal intercourse • vagina
• semen • sharing needles • anus
• pre-cum • mother to child (in specific cases) • urethra in the penis
• rectal secretions • open cuts and sores (in theory)
• vaginal fluids • other mucosal membranes
• breast milk • points of needle injection
You are at No Risk of HIV Transmission.

Here's why:

* Saliva has an enzyme in it that inhibits the transmission of HIV

* HIV needs a human host to survive. Once HIV is outside of the body and exposed to oxygen (on the bartender's finger, or on a straw) it dies and can no longer transmit.

* HIV CANNOT be transmitted through casual touch

* HIV CANNOT be transmitted human(bartender's finger)-to object(straw)-to human(your mouth).

* There was no direct access for the virus to enter your bloodstream. For the sores in your mouth the provide access to the bloodstream, they would have to be very deep. Deep enough for you to need stitches.

* You did not engage in one of the High Risk activities listed above in the Hiv Transmission equation.


For more information about HIV, i would encourage you to check out the following resources:

  • Risk Assessment Chart


  • AVERT.org


  • Smart Sex Resource



  • Thank you for contacting the AIDS Vancouver Helpline.

    Hilary

    AIDS Vancouver Helpline/Online




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