Anonymous
Hi! I recently went to the house of a colleague for a meeting and I threw some used facial tissue in their garbage/trash bin.The bin is designed that you need to lift the cover to throw something.Somehow, after I touched the cover, my eyes became irritated and got itchy and this I have to rub them using exactly the same finger that touched the cover without washing.I became a bit concerned because when I checked the cover, it got some dark spots which may or may be blood but the spots appeared dried at all. Is their any HIV risk under this situation if the spots are HIV containing blood. Thanks for the answer.
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Anonymous
Hi there!
Thanks for contacting the AIDS Vancouver Helpline with your HIV related questions and concerns. We are happy to help!

I understand you're concerned about the encounter you had and if there was possible risk of acquiring HIV. Let me clear that up for you!

The situation you described is No Risk. This is because even if there was blood, dry or wet, on the garbage can, it's out of the body and exposed to air. Once HIV is exposed to air it becomes damaged and can no longer be transmitted.

I am attaching the HIV transmission equation here which helps show exactly what 3 components are necessary for risk to even be involved:
HIV TRANSMISSION EQUATION


BODY FLUID
+
ACTIVITY
+
DIRECT ACCESS TO BLOODSTREAM
---------- -------- ----------------------------
• blood (including menstrual) • unprotected anal or vaginal intercourse • vagina
• semen • sharing needles • anus
• pre-cum • mother to child (in specific cases) • urethra in the penis
• rectal secretions • open cuts and sores (in theory)
• vaginal fluids • other mucosal membranes
• breast milk • points of needle injection
Hopefully this helped!

Sincerely,
Christina

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= RISK OF HIV TRANSMISSION