Anonymous
Hi, im having trouble understanding how the virus is passed one from one person to the other.
for example, if a freind of mine has hiv and isnt taking any medication sits in my chair, and the next morning i sit there naked can i catch the virus. Or if i touch something that has hiv pos fluids on it (Ex a laptop) and htne put my finger my mouth where i have a bleeding tooth can i catch it? these all happened to me.
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Anonymous
Hello there!

Thank you for using AIDS Vancouver Helpline as your source for HIV/AIDS related information.

HIV stands for Human Immunodeficiency Virus, where the host is human. It is a fragile virus that cannot survive outside the human body. Once the virus leaves the human body and is exposed to oxygen or air, it will die immediately regardless of what surface it is on and what fluid it is in. In another words, HIV cannot be transmitted from a person to an object to another person, nor through casual skin-to-skin contact.

For HIV transmission to occur, you must have all 3 of the following factors: an exchange of body fluids capable of carrying of HIV, engagement in high risk activities, and direct access for the virus to enter the bloodstream.

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BODY FLUID WITH HIGH LEVELS OF HIV (blood, semen, rectal secretions, pre-cum, vaginal fluids, breast milk)

+

ACTIVITY (unprotected anal or vaginal intercourse, sharing needles, mother to child)

+

DIRECT ACCESS FOR THE VIRUS TO ENTER THE BLOODSTREAM (vagina, anus, urethra in the penis, open cuts and sores, other mucosal membranes, points of needle injection)

= RISK OF HIV TRANSMISSION

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It might also be helpful to check out the risk assessment chart at our Helpline website, which outlines the risk level for other possible activities with regards to transmission of HIV: [http://helpline.aidsvancouver.org/question/risk-assessment-chart](http://helpline.aidsvancouver.org/question/risk-assessment-chart).

In conclusion, the situations that you described pose absolutely NO risk of HIV transmission, as they would be considered indirect transmission routes. Rest assured, you have not acquired HIV from these activities.

I hope this answer was helpful. Please feel free to contact us again if you have further questions or concerns.

Hani

AIDS Vancouver Helpline Volunteer
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