Anonymous
I recently went to a restroom where urine and blood were left on a public toilet seat. Possibly menstrual blood. i lifted the toilet seat with my foot while wearing sandals, i have a bit of dry cracked skin on the right side of my thumb toe and ocassionally a bit of peeling skin. If blood from this seat splashed onto these areas could i get hiv ?
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Anonymous
Hello and thank you for contacting the AIDS Vancouver Helpline. We are happy to help answer your questions.

The short answer is that this is considered a no-risk situation for acquiring HIV. For a risk of acquiring HIV to exist, 3/3 parts must be present in an exposure:

HIV TRANSMISSION EQUATION

BODY FLUID
+
ACTIVITY
+
DIRECT ACCESS TO BLOODSTREAM
---------- -------- ----------------------------
• blood (including menstrual) • unprotected anal or vaginal intercourse • vagina
• semen • sharing needles • anus
• pre-cum • mother to child (in specific cases) • urethra in the penis
• rectal secretions • open cuts and sores (in theory)
• vaginal fluids • other mucosal membranes
• breast milk • points of needle injection
ABOUT YOUR EXPOSURE

* urine and fesces are not bodily fluids that can transmit HIV

* any specific bodily fluids (e.g. blood) that were left on the public toilet seat would have been exposed to the air, and HIV cannot be passed on

* dryed and cracked skin does not provide direct access to the bloodstream; open cuts/sores/mucous membranes that DO provide direct access to the bloodstream usually require professional medical attention right away

.

Click [here](http://helpline.aidsvancouver.org/question/risk-assessment-chart) to find out what other activities are not likely to transmit HIV.

Click [here](www.smartsexresource.com) to learn more about how other STIs can be acquired.

Again, this can be considered a no-risk situation for acquiring HIV. We trust we have answered your questions, and thank you for contacting the AIDS Vancouver Helpline. Please feel free to contact us again in the future, or call for immediate assistance with general inquiries.


Sincerely,

Marta

AIDS Vancouver Volunteer


[AIDS Vancouver Online Helpline](www.helpline.aidsvancouver.org)


Monday to Friday 10am-4pm (PST)


1-604-253-0566 ext.299


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= RISK OF HIV TRANSMISSION