Anonymous
Hi,

My father is a HIV victim he contracted the virus in 2011 my mother and father kept it a secret and didn't let us know until recently. My dad fell sick lately due to extreme rashes all over his body and was admitted into the hospital, I only took care of him to the bathroom and helped him out with food and other things. I might have touched his body, his rashes, his urine several times. I even touched his blood but I'm sure that I didn't have any open cuts or wounds on my skin. After we got him home from the hospital since he was very weak he started using our western toilet (He used to use Indian toilet, in India we have different toilets) I doubt that there is a chance that he might have touched his penis to the toilet tray which might spread the virus to us. within a week I started to experience the early symptoms of HIV in the order fever, headache, fatigue and rashes (little water bubbles) all over my body. When I searched on line these are the exact early symptoms of HIV. I'm petrified now and don't know what to do, have I contracted the virus? and one more question I have is that If an HIV infected person transmits any contagious diseases (like chickenpox) is there a possibility that they can transmit the HIV virus along with it too? Should I get tested for HIV? How long does the test take to confirm? because I have my wedding planned in approximately 80 days. Please answer my question a.s.a.p. I'm not able to concentrate on my work and going really crazy

Thanks.
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Anonymous
Hi there, and thanks for contacting the AIDS Vancouver Helpline with your HIV/AIDS related health questions. It seems you're concerned about the possibility of HIV transmitting while caring for your dad. We're happy to answer your questions for you.

There is no risk of HIV transmitting in any of the ways you've described. HIV is a fragile virus that is rendered intransmissible as soon as it leaves the body. For a bit more insight on what needs to happen for HIV to transmit, check out our transmission equation:
HIV TRANSMISSION EQUATION


BODY FLUID
+
ACTIVITY
+
DIRECT ACCESS TO BLOODSTREAM
---------- -------- ----------------------------
• blood (including menstrual) • unprotected anal or vaginal intercourse • vagina
• semen • sharing needles • anus
• pre-cum • mother to child (in specific cases) • urethra in the penis
• rectal secretions • open cuts and sores (in theory)
• vaginal fluids • other mucosal membranes
• breast milk • points of needle injection
You'll see in the chart that required for transmission are a fluid known to be involved in transfer, an activity known to be involved in transfer, and direct access to the bloodstream. All the activities you've described (even touching your dad's blood) do not provide direct access to the bloodstream and are not activities known to be involved transfer. Therefore this is no risk.

As for the symptoms you're currently experiencing, we at AIDS Vancouver are not healthcare providers so cannot comment on them. That said, HIV status is solely determined by testing, and not on symptoms. This is because the symptoms of an HIV infection closely mimic the symptoms of many other common medical conditions.

We at AIDS Vancouver recommend routine HIV testing for all sexually active people, so if you've never had a test we would encourage you to go. As for testing after this specific scenario, it is not necessary. There isn't any risk of HIV transmitting in this case. If you were to decide to go for a test, you'd have to wait 3 months after the exposure you're concerned about to know your status conclusively, and the results from that test could be provided immediately or might take a few days (depending on the type of test you have).

Thanks a lot for your question to the AIDS Vancouver Helpline, we hope this has eased your worries. It's great you're providing care to your dad, please don't feel like you can't because of a risk of HIV transmission.

Trevor

AIDS Vancouver Helpline/Online

helpline.aidsvancouver.org
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