Anonymous
My question is if the needle which is very small and used and not hollow connected to diabetes test pricking pump,the top of pricking pump is hollow to put the needle inside it for pricking fingure and the pricking pump was in zip bag since 30 to minutes....By reading above condition pls give me answer(1) If someone pricked my fingure for diabetes test by pricking pump ,I did not see needle was used or fresh and the needle is connected to hollow pricking pump and pricking pump was in zip bag 30 to 35 minutes after being used to other person.By reading above condition pls give me answer can I infect by HIV ?? (2) can above condition give airtight environment to HIV?
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Anonymous
Hello,

Thank you for contacting the AIDS Vancouver Helpline for your HIV/AIDS related concerns.

Your explanation of the situation is not entirely clear to me and there also seems to be a lot of speculation as to whether the needle was used or not. In addition, without seeing the actual object, it is difficult for me to say if a diabetic pricking device is airtight or not. Instead of speculating the "what if's" of the situation, I will try to help you and answer your questions the best I can by providing you with the facts.

First, for HIV transmission to occur, you need all 3 of the following factors.

HIV TRANSMISSION EQUATION


BODY FLUID
+
ACTIVITY
+
DIRECT ACCESS TO BLOODSTREAM
---------- -------- ----------------------------
• blood (including menstrual) • unprotected anal or vaginal intercourse • vagina
• semen • sharing needles • anus
• pre-cum • mother to child (in specific cases) • urethra in the penis
• rectal secretions • open cuts and sores (in theory)
• vaginal fluids • other mucosal membranes
• breast milk • points of needle injection
If a contaminated needle was used to prick you, the person who it was previously used on would need to be HIV positive for any risk to be present. Since we do not know this, I will provide with the facts about HIV transmission through a needle instead.

If the needle was contaminated, you would still not be at risk for HIV because HIV is a very weak virus that is broken down the moment it exits the body and is exposed to the environment. When this occurs, the virus is no longer transmissible and cannot cause infection.

If the cannister was airtight, then the virus may have survived but this is very unlikely as HIV can only survive outside of the human body under very specific circumstances. In addition, as you can see in the table above, direct access to the bloodstream is necessary for HIV infection to occur. A needle prick from a diabetic testing kit is very small and is on the surface of the skin. For a cut to provide a direct access to the bloodstream, it would need to be large, open and actively bleeding. This is not the case in your situation. Furthermore, when HIV is spread via the use of contaminated needles, it is usually because the needle is connected to a syringe barrel that has been used to access a large vein that has an actively flowing blood supply. Please look at this [site](http://www.avert.org/can-you-get-hiv.htm) for further information on how HIV is spread through needles.

With all this said, you are most likely not at risk based on this situation. However, since there is much speculation related to your situation and you appear to be concerned, it would be helpful to see your nearest medical professional to discuss the situation further and the possibility of HIV testing. Also, if you question the sanitation of your medical site, you may consider not going to this same location anymore. Sanitation should be the number one priority of medical sites to prevent the spread of disease and infections.

I hope this answers all your questions and puts you at ease. Please feel free to contact us if you have any more questions. You may also refer to this [website](http://www.avert.org/fact-sheets-hiv-prevention.htm) for further information on HIV and transmission.

Best wishes,

Mary

AIDS Vancouver Helpline/Online

Monday-Friday 10am-4pm (PST)

604 253 0566 Ext. 299

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