Hello, your site has helped a lot of people.
I have two questions I have to use a glass of orange juice. I drank immediately after people brought it out and noticed that there seemed to be blood stains in the cup. If in orange juice or blood cup mouth I am in danger of being hiv, because when I drink I have a sore throat, sore throat so I fear the virus spread through the throat mucosa.
The second question: a friend who talks about splashing saliva in my eyes. If saliva is mixed with blood, can hiv spread through my eyes? I used water to wash it right away, but I was afraid that the water was dirty and had hiv virus, could I be infected by washing water?
Hello. Thank you for contacting the AIDS Vancouver Helpline.

We understand that you would like to know if you might have acquired HIV in the following scenarios:

1) When you drank orange juice and thought you saw blood in the cup

2) When your friend's saliva splashed in your eyes

3) When you washed your eyes with water

None of these activities carry a risk of HIV transmission. (No Risk)

In order for an HIV transmission to occur, all three of the following conditions must be met:

1) There must be HIV present in a bodily fluid. The five bodily fluids that carry the HIV virus include: blood, semen (including pre-ejaculate), vaginal fluids, breast milk, and rectal secretions.(1)

2) The bodily fluid containing HIV must have direct access to the bloodstream. This can be through cuts, tears, rips, mucous membranes, open sores, or needles (1) You cannot contract HIV by drinking it in juice.

3) Transmission occurs through a risky activity in which the first two conditions are met. (1) Unprotected anal or vaginal sex and sharing of hypodermic needles for injection drug use are examples of high risk activities.

HIV is very fragile, and many common substances, including hot water, soap, bleach and alcohol, will kill it. Air does not "kill" HIV, but exposure to air dries the fluid that contained the virus, and that will destroy or break up much of the virus very quickly. Health Canada reports that drying HIV reduces viral amount by 90-99 percent within several hours. (4) It is highly unlikely that your orange juice was poured into an uncleaned glass that contained fresh HIV infected blood.

Laboratory studies have found that saliva may contain HIV, however, there is absolutely no epidemiological evidence to suggest that spitting on someone could expose them to enough HIV for infection to result. Levels of HIV in saliva are not high enough to allow transmission, even if the saliva comes into contact with a mucous membrane such as that of the eye. (2)

HIV can’t survive in water, so you can’t get HIV from swimming pools, baths, shower areas, washing clothes or from drinking water. (3) You would not acquire HIV by rinsing your eyes with dirty water.

Recommendation: No need for HIV test with the scenario provided, refer to a physician for other health related questions

AIDS Vancouver Helpline Volunteer, Dyson
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