DAVID
Dear sir/madam
please i need help this question because i have been having sleepless night
i went to cutting nails salon  the man mistakenly used a scissors that was not sentizies on me but i was not having any cut during the cutting of nails. After contacting a medical personnel he was telling me that I may be contacting HIV, that the virus can enter even at the surface of the skin, that sometimes someone may be cut without noticing or knows sir/madam is it possible like that? after the nails cutting there  was no where i see sign of blood so  i'm worried pleased  i need an urgent answer pls
 
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helpline-volunteer

Hello,


Thank you for your inquiry. From what we gather from the question, you were asking about the possibility of HIV transmission from unsanitized nail clippers.  From the information given, this scenario is determined to be Negligible Risk (there is no evidence or no documented cases of transmission. However, there is a theoretical possibility of transmission under certain extenuating circumstances).

The scenario mentioned above does not meet the three components of the transmission equation. In this case for HIV to be transmitted, a HIV positive fluid would need to gain direct access to your bloodstream through a large open cut or sore. If the cut was large enough for HIV to gain access to your bloodstream you likely would have noticed it. Also, HIV does not survive long outside of the body and it cannot reproduce outside of the human host (1). When HIV is exposed to oxygen, it undergoes a rapid reduction in concentration (90-99% within a couple of hours), meaning that the theoretical risk of environmental transmission of HIV is essentially zero (2). Any blood present on the unsanitized nail clippers would have been exposed to oxygen between patrons, and there was no wound present for HIV to enter your bloodstream, therefore you do not meet the extenuating circumstances necessary for HIV to be transmitted in this case.
Helpline Transmission Equation .jpgRecommendation: There is no evidence or confirmed documented cases of transmission. Refer to a healthcare professional for more personalized answers.

Regards,

AIDS Vancouver Helpline/Online, Rashell


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References:
1.) Transmission Basics
2.) HIV in the Environment
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