NaKaMuRa
My girlfriend had a toothpick bleeding from her mouth and immediately that toothpick hit my wrist, injuring me and bleeding some blood. If that toothpick had my girlfriend's blood and hiv's presence in it, would I be in danger? Do I need to use PEP, please answer because I only have 48 hours left
Quote
helpline-volunteer
Hi there,

Thank you for your inquiry. From what we gather from the question, you were asking about the risk of HIV transmission in the event that a toothpick that contained blood from another individual fell onto your wrist, puncturing your skin. 

From the information given, this scenario is determined to be of No Risk (transmission of HIV is not possible in the given scenario). There is No Risk of HIV transmission in the event described above for the following reasons: 

HIV transmission requires HIV positive fluid (blood, semen, pre-cum, vaginal fluid, rectal fluid, breastmilk) to have direct access to the bloodstream, through a High, Low, or Negligible Risk activity. 

According to our HIV transmission equation (see below), there has been no evidence of direct access to the bloodstream. To clarify, here at the AIDS Vancouver Online/Helpline, we would consider "direct access" to be from person to person through an enclosed space (vaginal penetration, anal penetration, oral sex, blood-pacts). 

HIV is extremely volatile when exposed to environmental surfaces, such as the toothpick you have described. As the toothpick left the mouth (even though it had blood), exposure to the environment would cause the virus to undergo a rapid reduction in concentration, effectively making it extremely difficult to transmit to another person (1). 

For these reasons, we would recommend that you do not require HIV screening for this particular scenario. However, please do refer to your health care provider for additional health related questions. 

Sources: 
HIV in the Environment (1)

unnamed.jpg
All the best, 

AIDS Vancouver Online/Helpline, Cody 

If you are satisfied with the Helpline service, please consider donating 
Quote

ABOUT THE HELPLINE | SUPPORT OUR WORK | RISK ASSESSMENT CHART | ANONYMOUS TESTING | DISCLAIMER | CONTACT

Charitable Registration #
10668 9896 RR0001


© 2019 helpline.aidsvancouver.org
Privacy Policy
Disclaimer

OUR ADDRESS

1101 Seymour Street
Suite 235, 2nd Floor
Vancouver, BC V6B 0R1
Canada


GET IN TOUCH

Main Phone: 604-893-2201
Fax: 604-893-2205
Email: contact@aidsvancouver.org