Anonymous
i have a question related to hiv: i was invited to a friend party. he served some sausages. everyone ate these sausages using just their hands, no forks or other tools. we had this single dish full of mustard, and after each bite from sausage, all of us were dipping their sausage in this plate of mustard.

is there are risk in cauching Hiv or hepatitis from sharing the same mustard plate? just think what if i dip my sausage in the same place as one of my friend do, this after he take one bite of his sausages, and then he dip his sussage again to take mustard...
maybe saliva or blood was mixed with mustard.

thank you
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Anonymous
Hi there! Thanks for contacting the AIDS Vancouver Helpline with your HIV related questions and concerns. We are happy to help!

I understand you're concerned about whether or not the situation you were in put you at risk of acquiring HIV. Let me clear that up for you.

I will first address HIV, since that is what I am formally trained in, and I'll touch on hepatitis after.

In terms of HIV, the situation you described is No Risk for a couple different reasons.

First of all, saliva has an enzyme that breaks down HIV, so it cannot be passed on through saliva.
Second, if there was blood present somehow, this also wouldn't pose a risk because the blood, if on the sausage/plate, would be exposed to air. Once the HIV virus is exposed to air, it becomes damaged and can no longer be passed on.
Finally, there is no direct access to the blood stream in your mouth, which would also make it no risk.

Here is the HIV transmission equation which makes it clear exactly what components are necessary for HIV transmission to occur:
HIV TRANSMISSION EQUATION


BODY FLUID
+
ACTIVITY
+
DIRECT ACCESS TO BLOODSTREAM
---------- -------- ----------------------------
• blood (including menstrual) • unprotected anal or vaginal intercourse • vagina
• semen • sharing needles • anus
• pre-cum • mother to child (in specific cases) • urethra in the penis
• rectal secretions • open cuts and sores (in theory)
• vaginal fluids • other mucosal membranes
• breast milk • points of needle injection

In terms of hepatitis, I am not formally trained in it, so I can't give you much information other than I know it doesn't get damaged by air and can therefore be exposed to air and then be passed on. I'm not sure if hepatitis can be passed through saliva, but I know it's a higher risk than HIV. I would recommend talking to your doctor for more information, or visiting [www.catie.ca](www.catie.ca)

Hopefully this helped!

Sincerely,
Christina

AIDS Vancouver Helpline

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= RISK OF HIV TRANSMISSION