NguyenThanhSang
I was scratched by other people's nails when I was playing soccer and got bleeding. If a person's nails contain hiv blood, am I at risk for infection?
Quote
helpline-volunteer
Hi there,

Thank you for your inquiry. From what we gather from the question, you were asking about the possibility of HIV transmission through receiving a wound after being scratched by another individual whose nails may have had HIV blood.

From the information given, this scenario is determined to be No Risk
(transmission of HIV is not possible in the given scenario).

From the HIV Transmission Equation (see below), HIV transmission requires HIV particles in a bodily fluid (e.g. vaginal fluids) to have direct access to the bloodstream through a High, Low, or Negligible Risk activity.

In this situation, you mentioned that you were bleeding, however, it is highly unlikely that you got anything more than a superficial cut from this scratch. A superficial cut is a small cut that "does not involve fat or muscle tissue" (i.e., leaves the deeper skin layers intact) and is not bleeding heavily (1). A superficial cut would not be large enough to allow HIV particles to have sufficient access to the bloodstream, a necessary condition of the
HIV Transmission Equation. Thus if even the other individual had HIV positive blood on their fingernails, it would take a very deep wound for HIV transmission to possibly occur.

Recommendation: There are no evidence or no documented cases of transmission. Refer to a healthcare professional for more personalized answers.

All the best,
AIDS Vancouver Online/Helpline, Shirley

If you are satisfied with the Helpline service, please consider donating.
Helpline Transmission Equation  (1).jpg
Additional Resources: 
(1) Lacerations (Cuts) Without Stitches

Quote

ABOUT THE HELPLINE | SUPPORT OUR WORK | RISK ASSESSMENT CHART | ANONYMOUS TESTING | DISCLAIMER | CONTACT

Charitable Registration #
10668 9896 RR0001


© 2019 helpline.aidsvancouver.org
Privacy Policy
Disclaimer

OUR ADDRESS

1101 Seymour Street
Suite 235, 2nd Floor
Vancouver, BC V6B 0R1
Canada


GET IN TOUCH

Main Phone: 604-893-2201
Fax: 604-893-2205
Email: contact@aidsvancouver.org