Anonymous
Hello i had a transvaginal scan 3 days ago , and im freaking out because i saw blood on the end of the probe ,, a small smudge, I was in the maternity emergency room which was very quiet , there was no one b4 me , and the hospital is in a quiet part of France south west ,, I spoke to the nurse for maybe 10mins and then he went to get another nurse to get her opinion and decided to do the scan, I didnt have time to say that there was blood on it ,, i didnt realize it was the same equipment, they did put a condom on the probe and gel , but im worried the blood was near the end and worried the condom may have not covered it , i was bleeding heavy after birth 2 weeks b4 ,, and i had unhealed stitches im so worried i might have caught a virus like hiv or hep b etc ,, please help , i when to a doctor how said that there was more chance of winning the lottery then having caught anything ? i dont know how long hiv lives equipment like that , i so worried as im breast feeding, iv continued for the moment but im not sure its a good idea ,, and today i have a ear ache and sore throat , 3 days after ,, please can anyone give me any advise on if it is even possible that i could have hiv this way? thanks
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Anonymous
Hello,

Thank you for contacting the AIDS Vancouver Helpline as your source for HIV/AIDS related information. I am sorry to hear that this happened to you. Let me try to help you by clarifying some facts.

Your doctor is correct when he says you have nothing to worry about. Your situation is considered a negligible risk for HIV and I will explain why using our HIV Transmission Equation. To get HIV, you need to have all 3 of the following factors present.

HIV TRANSMISSION EQUATION


BODY FLUID
+
ACTIVITY
+
DIRECT ACCESS TO BLOODSTREAM
---------- -------- ----------------------------
• blood (including menstrual) • unprotected anal or vaginal intercourse • vagina
• semen • sharing needles • anus
• pre-cum • mother to child (in specific cases) • urethra in the penis
• rectal secretions • open cuts and sores (in theory)
• vaginal fluids • other mucosal membranes
• breast milk • points of needle injection
If you look at the chart, you will see that you do not have all 3 of the factors present. You only have 1 factor (vaginal penetration) present and for that reason, you are considered a negligible risk. For more information on [how you can get HIV](http://www.avert.org/hiv-transmission-prevention/how-you-get-hiv), please refer to the link provided.

To address your concerns regarding the blood and your surgical incision, I would like that say that exposure to body fluids and direct access for the virus to enter the blood stream is necessary for HIV transmission to occur. You did not have these 2 factors present. The reason these factors were not present is because HIV is broken down the moment it is exposed to the air. When this happens, it is no longer transmissible. In your case, the blood that was on the probe was already out of the body and if it had HIV, it would have already been broken down and therefore, not able to cause infection. Similarly, if there were fluids, there would be no direct access for the blood to enter your bloodstream as there was a cover on top of the probe. This provides a barrier that prevents direct access to your bloodstream.

With regards to your symptoms, HIV has no clinically definable symptoms. This means that HIV symptoms vary from person to person with a common symptoms of newly infected individuals being flu-like symptoms. However, having flu like symptoms does not mean you have HIV, the only way to know for sure if you have HIV is to get tested. However, in your case, I would have to agree with your doctor when he says HIV testing is not needed. If you have further concerns regarding your symptoms, it may be best to speak with your medical professional for more information.

I hope I have helped to answer your questions. Please feel free to contact us if you have anymore questions or refer to the links provided above for more information.

Best wishes,

Mary

AIDS Vancouver Online Helpline

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