Anonymous
Hello.

Today, I gave blood for a HIV test. Fortunately, it came out negative. But after 3 hours, one of my friend who is HIV+ sneezed and coughed in front of me. My wound from needlestick were still there, not bleeding but still red. I'm worrying about if he has blood on his mouth and sneezed/coughed in front of me, if it contacts with my wound from giving blood, does it lead transmission?

Also, after 2-3 hours is needle wound still an 'open wound' ?
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Anonymous
Hello,

Thank you for your inquiry. From what we gather from the question, you were asking about the risk of acquisition of HIV from being coughed/sneezed on by HIV+ person. From the information given, this scenario is determined to be No Risk
(No exchange of bodily fluids).

Only certain body fluids—blood, semen (cum), pre-seminal fluid (pre-cum), rectal fluids, vaginal fluids, and breast milk—from a person who has HIV can transmit HIV. These fluids must come in contact with a mucous membrane or damaged tissue or be directly injected into the bloodstream (from a needle or syringe) for transmission to occur. Mucous membranes are found inside the rectum, vagina, penis, and mouth.

HIV is NOT transmitted through: Coughing or sneezing ,saliva, sweat, casual contact, sharing food, drinks, utensils or dishes, sharing space with an HIV positive individual. Also,a small puncture wound from a needle closes within a few minutes and does not serve as a precursor for HIV transmission.

Recommendation: No need for HIV test with the scenario provided, refer to a physician for other health related questions.

Regards,

AIDS Vancouver Helpline/Online, (Vardah)

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